When a novel virus with pandemic potential emerges,
nonpharmaceutical interventions, which will be called
community mitigation strategies in this document, often
are the most readily available interventions to help slow
transmission of the virus in communities. Community
mitigation is a set of actions that persons and communities
can take to help slow the spread of respiratory virus
infections. Community mitigation is especially important
before a vaccine or drug becomes widely available.
The following is a framework for actions which local and
state health departments can recommend in their
community to both prepare for and mitigate community
transmission of COVID-19 in the United States. Selection and
implementation of these actions should be guided by the
local characteristics of disease transmission, demographics,
and public health and healthcare system capacity.